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Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority (BMRDA)

BMRDA is an Act to provide for the establishment of an authority for the purpose of planning, co-ordinating and supervising the proper and orderly development of the areas within the Bangalore Metropolitan Region and to provide for matters connected therewith. Bangalore Metropolitan Region Development Authority (BMRDA) is an autonomous body created by the Government of Karnataka under the BMRDA Act 1985 for the purpose of planning, co-ordinating and supervising the proper and orderly development of the areas within the Bangalore Metropolitan Region (BMR) which comprises Bangalore urban district, Bangalore rural district and Ramanagara district.

The Powers and functions of BMRDA:

1. To carry out a survey of the Bangalore Metropolitan Region and prepare reports on the surveys so carried out.

2. To prepare a structure plan for the development of the Bangalore metropolitan Region.

3. To cause to be carried out such works as are contemplated in the structure plan.

4. To formulate as may schemes as are necessary for implementing the structure plan of the Bangalore Metropolitan Region.

5. To secure and co-ordinate execution of the town planning scheme and the development of the Bangalore Metropolitan Region in accordance with the said schemes.

6. To raise finance for any project or scheme for the development of the Bangalore Metropolitan Region and to extend assistance to the local authorities in the Region for the execution of such project or scheme.

7. To do such other acts and things as may be entrusted by the Government or as may be necessary for, or incidental or conductive to, any matters which are necessary for furtherance of the objects for which the Authority is constituted.

8. To entrust to any local authority the work of execution of any development plan or town planning scheme.

9. To Co-ordinate the activities of the Bangalore Development Authority, the Corporation of the city of Bangalore, the Bangalore Water supply and Sewerage Board, the Karnataka Slum Clearance Board, the Karnataka Electricity Board, the Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board, the Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation and such other bodies as are connected with development activities in the Bangalore Metropolitan Region. As per the Structure Plan, apart from BMA (BDA jurisdiction), the rest of the Bangalore Metropolitan Region [BMR] is divided in to five Area Planning Zones (APZ’s) and six Interstitial Zones (IZ’s). The APZ’s are proposed along the corridors, which are (1) Bangalore-Bidadi (2) Bangalore-Nelamangala (3) Bangalore-Devanahalli (4) Bangalore- Whitefield, Hoskote (5) Bangalore-Anekal, Sarjapur-Hosur. The Area Planning Zones (APZ’s) are areas where urban development is permitted subject to certain regulations. The Interstitial Zones are the areas lying between APZ’s where urban activities are restricted giving more emphasis to environmental – issues like conservation of forest area, agriculture etc.

Permissions required from BMRDA for development activities.:

1. Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, except with the previous permission of the Authority. No authority or person shall undertake any development within the Bangalore Metropolitan Region of the types as the Authority may from time to time specify, by notification published in the official Gazette.

2. No local authority shall grant permission for any development referred to in sub-section(1), within the Bangalore Metropolitan Region, unless the Authority has granted permission for such development.

3. Any authority or person desiring to undertake development referred to in sub-section (1) shall apply in writing to the Authority for permission to undertake such development.

4. The Authority shall, after making such inquiry as it deems necessary grant such permission without any conditions or with such conditions as it may deem fit to impose or refuse to grant such permission.

5. Any authority or person aggrieved by the decision of the Authority under sub-section (4) may, within thirty days form the date of the decision appeal against such decision to the State Government, whose decision thereon shall be final: Provide that, where the aggrieved authority submitting such appeal is under the administrative control of the central Government,, the appeal shall be decided by the state Government, after consultation with the Central Government.

6. In case any person or authority does anything contrary to the decision given under sub-section (4) as modified in sub-section (5) the Authority shall have power to pull down, demolish or remove any development undertaken contrary to such decision and recover the cost of such pulling down, demolition or removal from the person or authority concerned.

For planned urban growth Local planning areas under Karnataka Town & Country Planning Act-1961 are declared in the five APZ’s and IZ’s 1 & 2. The following are the Planning / Development Authorities functioning in the Bangalore Metropolitan Region (BMR).

Sl. No. Authorities functioning within Bangalore Metropolitan Region [BMR] Area in Sq. Km.%
1 Bangalore Development Authority [BDA] 1219.50
2 Bangalore – Mysore Infrastructure Corridor Area Planning Authority [BMICAPA] 426.24
3 Ramanagar-Channapatna Urban Development Authority[RCIDA] 63.06
4 Anekal Planning Authority [APA] 402.30
5 Anekal Planning Authority [APA] 735.00
6 Magadi Planning Authority [MPA] 501.52
7 Hosakote Planning Authority [HPA] 535.00
8 Kanakapura Planning Authority [HPA] 412.78
9 Bangalore International Airport Area Planning Authority [BIAAPA] 792.00
10 Area Planning Zone-1 [APZ-1 ] (Excluding RDUDA & BMICAPA) 462.60
11 All Interstitial Zones in Bangalore Metropolitan Region [Iz’s BMR] 2455.00
Total 8005.00


1. The approval of layout is valid for 2 years duration. If the layout development is not complete in 2 years time, the approval needs to be renewed before the validity is expired.

2. Under site release regulation, on completion of civil works like asphalting of road, under ground drainage, storm water drainage, drinking water, electrification, Authority will inspect the layout and if found satisfactory the sites vested with Authority(40%) will be released for registration.

3. The park, road, civic amenities sites, under ground drainage, water and electricity needs to be developed on priority basis within 18 months or else the layout approval may be revoked without prior notice.

4. Sewage treatment plant will have to be established at appropriate location conforming to Karnataka State Pollution Control Board guidelines.

5. A license issued under Karnataka Gram Panchayat Act/Karnataka Municipality Act is essential before execution of development work.

6. Changes in the approved layout are not permissible without prior approval from Authority.

7. Any existing tree or vegetation to be conserved to the extent possible and new plants to be grown in the either sides of streets and park.

8. Building in the approved layout shall compulsorily adapt Rain Water Harvesting and steps should be taken for augmentation of ground water at layout level.

9. The roads, parks are to be developed and maintained, while civic amenity sites are to be protected against encroachment till such time Authority may deem necessary.

10. Approach to adjoining land or pieces of land within layout but not part of it should be guaranteed.

11. The layout approval is technical in nature; it shall not be used to prove ownership and any other right on the land.

12. The Authority is not responsible for any civil dispute relating to the land.

13. If any information or records provided to Authority for approval turns out to be fake, the approval is immediately revoked.

14. Advertisement for marketing of the plots in the layout should compulsorily mention approval no. and date.

15. Footpath has to be built on both sides of road to facilitate pedestrian movement.

16. If any of the above conditions are violated, the approval is revoked with immediate effect without prior notice.

Directions by the concerned Authority:

The Authority may, in order to carry out the development plans and schemes formulated under section 9 or any town planning scheme may issue direction to the Bangalore Development Authority, Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board, Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation and such other bodies as are connected with developmental activities in the Bangalore Metropolitan Region. The directions issued by the Authority shall prevail over any directions issued by the Bangalore Development Authority under section 53 of the Bangalore Development Authority Act 1976 (Karnataka Act 12 of 1976). 2.Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, every such direction shall be compiled with by the body to whom it is issued. On failure, it shall be competent for the Authority to take necessary action to carry out the directions issued under sub-section(1) and recover expenses, if any, incurred therefor from the body concerned. 3.Any dispute which arises between the Authority and the Boards or other bodies referred to in sub-section (1) in respect of the directions issued to them shall be determined by the State Government whose decision shall be final.

Penalty for breach of the provisions of the Act:

Whoever contravenes any of the provisions of this Act or of any rule, regulation, or byelaw or scheme made or sanctioned there under shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both and in the case of continuing contravention, with additional imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both for each day after the first during which the contravention continues.

Offences by Companies:

1.If the person committing an offence under this Act is a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge of and responsible to the company for the conduct of its business as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly; Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment provided in this Act if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

2.Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section(1) where an offence under this Act has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of any director, manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Act to over- ride other laws:

The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force.

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